Empowering People
Phenomenological Psychology Links

Professor Max van Manen, PhD, Homepage
Faculty of Education, University of Alberta
Phenomenologically oriented materials. Recommended.
see especially: Recent Articles, Projects.

Phenomenological Psychology
The Lonely Path of Truth
Interwiev with Dr. Amedeo Giorgi. By Idun Røseth & Håvar Brendryen. Published in: "Impuls. Tidsskrift for psykologi." no 2, 1998. Oslo: Norway
Amedeo Giorgi is one of the leading interpreters of phenomenological thought for the human sciences and one of the pioneers in developing qualitative methodologies for psychological research.

A phenomenological analysis of descriptions of conceptions of learning obtained from a phenomenographic perspective
Amedeo P. Giorgi, Ph.D. Publications from the Department of Education, Göteborg university 1986:18
The necessity for qualitative approaches have been argued for and research strategies concentrating on the qualitative aspects have been developed. This report is to describe the outcome of the phenomenological analysis of descriptions of the concept of learning obtained from a phenomenographic perspective.

Phenomenology as Research Method
by Beverley Campbell, Victoria University of Technology
Narrative of the writing of her thesis using a phenomenological approach, with a developing interest in phenomenology as research method.

The False Dasein: From Heidegger to Sartre and Psychoanalysis.
Jon Mills, Published in the Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 1997, 28(1), 42-65.
What does it mean to be authentic? Academic Article

Basic Phenomenology

Phenomenology (definition)
from the Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind.
see also: phenomenological critique of representationalism, the background,

What is Phenomenology?
includes Seven widely accepted features of the phenomenological approach, The 100-year spread of phenomenology according to nations and disciplines, Tendencies and stages within philosophical phenomenology thus far, Phenomenology into the 21st century.
from the Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology webpage.

The Basic Problems of Phenomenology
by Martin Heidegger (1927) , Deals with, "the task of posing the basic problems of phenomenology, elaborating them, and proceeding to some extent toward their solution."
from The Value of Knowledge: a Miniature Library of Philosophy webpage.

Introducing an Existential-Phenomenological Approach
  Part 1 - Basic Phenomenological Theory and Research
  Part 2 - Theory for Practice
Ian Rory Owen, MA
What is often referred to as the existential approach to counselling and psychotherapy may be defined as the application of existential-phenomenological philosophy towards psychotherapeutic ends, in which individual practitioners choose how to apply their readings of the leading authors. Part one of this paper concentrates on phenomenological theory and research. (Shows the connection between Husserlian phenomenology and qualitative empirical psychology research.) Part two seeks to describe how existential-phenomenological therapy developed and how the concepts apply in sessions. (Discusses the links between Heidegger's hermeneutic and ontological phenomenology and Boss existential psychoanalytic therapy.)
from Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 1994, p. 261-73, 347-58.

Maurice Merleau-Ponty

The Structure of Behaviour
Maurice Merleau-Ponty, 1942.
Introduction and conclusion of this Merleau-Ponty book.Addresses consciousness and perception.
from The Value of Knowledge: a Miniature Library of Philosophy
see also Husserl: Phenomenology; Husserl: Crisis of Science: Heidegger:
Phenomenology; Heidegger: Existence & Being;

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, from The Columbia Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia entry, 6th edition, 2001.

Links and bibliographies.

A Discussion of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception
An on-line, informal discussion about the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty using Phenomenology of Perception (1945) as a launching pad. By four doctoral students studying Counseling Psychology at the University of Southern California.

Notes on the Introduction to The Phenomenology of Perception
Ron McClamrock, Spring 1990
Notes to help you sort out the introduction to The Phenomenology of Perception.

The Current Relevance of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Embodiment
Hubert L. Dreyfus, UC Berkeley, from The Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy, 4 (Spring 1996)
Essay explains, defends, and draws out the implications of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Human Embodiment, the 'Intentional Arc'.

Domination and Dialogue in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception
Shannon Sullivan, from Hypatia, Volume 12, Number 1
Merleau-Ponty's claim in Phenomenology of Perception (1962) that the anonymous body guarantees an intersubjective world is problematic because it omits the particularities of bodies. This omission produces an account of "dialogue" with another in which I solipsistically hear only myself and dominate others with my intentionality. This essay develops an alternative to projective intentionality called "hypothetical construction," in which meaning is socially constructed through an appreciation of the differences of others.

Merleau-Ponty, The Primacy of Perception and the Philosophy of Education
Peter J. Albano, St. John's University, from Philosophy of Education 1998 Yearbook.
The purpose of this essay is to present, first, Merleau-Ponty's singular contribution to the central Cartesian concern of the Cogito; second, its implications for a philosophy of education; and third, some critical questions for further reflection.

Seeing as Perceiving? The Danger and the Possibility in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenological Ontology
Yoon Pak and Ellen Timothy, University of Washington, from Philosophy of Education 1998 Yearbook.
Response to preceding essay. The primacy of perception for us lies in not projecting our own lived experiential gaze onto an object, but to engage our minds and bodies to perceive one another as historically situated embodied beings.

Intelligent Bodies and Ecological Subjectivities: Merleau-Ponty’s Corrective to Postmodernism’s “Subjects” of Education
Marjorie O’Loughlin, University of Sydney, from Philosophy of Education 1995 Yearbook.
Brief critical comments about post-modern feminism's account of the 'Enlightenment' subject by exploring Merleau-Ponty's articulation of the "body-subject" and his concept of "flesh." His work may provide a means of enriching understanding of human subjectivity, avoiding pitfalls of postmodernism, and reminding us of the "lived engagement" of the embodied subjects of education with their environments. See response below.
See also O’Loughlin, Reinstating Emotion in Educational Thinking, Response

Merleau-Ponty Confronts Postmodernism: A Reply to O’Loughlin
Shari Popen, Western Washington University, from Philosophy of Education 1995 Yearbook.
Response to preceding essay. Refutes application of Merleau-Ponty's theory to support feminism.

  Assorted Articles

Pure Phenomenology, Its Method and Its Field of Investigation
Husserl's Inaugural Lecture at Freiburg im Breisgau 1917. from Baylor University Dept. of Philosophy.

The Paranoid-Schizoid and Depressive Positions in the Psychogenesis of the Self: A Phenomenological Investigation into the Ontological Foundations of Object Relations Theory
by Brent Dean Robbins and Jessie Goicoechea, Duquesne University
Essay opens such a dialogue between phenomenology and Object Relations Theory, and explores the therapist/patient relationship. Explores the phenomenological psychodynamics of the Paranoid-Schizoid and the Depressive Self.
From Brent Dean Robbins's Mythos & Logos website.

Phenomenology, Psychology, Science & History: 
A Reading of Kuhn in Light of Heidegger as a Response to Hoeller's Critique of Giorgi
Brent Dean Robbins, Duquesne University 
The title say it all. For some reason 
From Janus Head, Vol. 1, No. 1, Summer 1998.

On the Structure of Human Existence: A brief ontological description of the human kind of being from an existential-phenomenological perspective
Jeffrey Compton, M.A.
Essay discusses the ground for understanding psychopathology from a Daseinanalytic perspective, namely the existential constitution of Dasein.

Embracing the Body of Culture: Understanding cross-cultural psychology from the perspective of a phenomenology of embodiment.
Jeffrey Compton, M.A.
Essay addresses the meaning and significance of bodyhood across cultures. Based on the work of existential-phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty.

How a Word Means
Kenneth Liberman, Department of Sociology, University of Oregon
Words do not possess their meanings in themselves; rather, the occasioned discourse taken as a whole carries the sense and distributes the meanings to its component words. Based on work of Merleau-Ponty, Saussure, Heidegger, Derrida. Moderately brief.
from After Post-Modernism Conference webpage

Reflecting the Corps Propre as Curiously Subversive Methodology: Semanalytic Phenomenology and the Un-Screwing of One's Own Body
Tom Craig,Visiting Scholar, Women's Studies Program, Brock University
Abstract of a Paper Presented at the 1998 annual meeting of the Society for Phenomenology and the Human Sciences. Denver, Colorado, October 9, 1998
This project represents a decade of wrestling with the agonizing personal, political, and philosophical implications of a life-altering illness which has been imputed to be an abnormal, psychoneurotic, anti-American disorder of mostly hysterical, middle-aged women.

On Throwness
Robert G. Fox, MSW, The Institute for Existential-Psychoanalytic Therapy
"Thrownness" from the vantage point of  a psychotherapist who reads and cares about philosophy.
from After Post-Modernism Conference webpage

Resignation of Feelings and Will
Norberto Abreu e Silva Neto
Published in Johannessen, Kjel S. and Nordenstam, Tore (ed.), 1995 Culture and Value: philosophie und die Kulturwissenschaften, Kirchberg am Wechsel: Die Österreichische Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, pp. 453-458
Also includes two other articles, The Knowledge of Other Minds: Wittgenstein and Carnap, and, Wittgenstein and John Wisdom: What is the Place of Psychoanalysis in Philosophy?
from After Post-Modernism Conference webpage

Preface to Experiencing and the Creation of Meaning
Eugene T. Gendlin, Ph.D., 1997
"We can think everything more truly if we think it philosophically, that is with attention to how we think it, and with the critical understanding that no concept, rule, or distinction ever equals experiencing."

Teaching, Learning, and the Phenomenology of Meaning
C. George Boeree, Dept. of Psychology, Shippensburg University.
What does meaningful learning involve, and how can we make it more likely? So what is "meaningful teaching?"  It is a form of compassion, for, to paraphrase Spinoza, "compassion is love insofar as we take joy in another's joy and sorrow in another's sorrow."
Originally published as Teaching for Meaning in the Journal of Professional Studies, 15, 1991.
See also Boeree's Phenomenological sketches: Anger, Humor, Insight, Pleasure as a Special Case of Love, Nihilistic Tendencies in Psychology and the Phenomenology of Off-Color Jokes

Allopathic/Archtypal/Virtual: Three Ways of Knowing Illness
Jeffrey R. Romanyshyn
Experiencing Illness [Parkinson's Disease] through an Allopathic/Archetypal/Virtual perspective
from The Paper Database - Second Year Mythological Studies Students

Phenomenal Intentionality as the Basis of Mental Content
Brian Loar, Rutgers University
Various manners of conceiving have something in common: they have
intentional properties, and they have them essentially. The conceiving cannot be pulled away from the intentional properties, in our ordinary reflexive understanding of them. There seems to be something right about the internalist conclusion and the intuition that backs it, something quite basic to our understanding of the mental.

Beginner's Guide to Research in the History of Science: Phenomenology
Brief writing addressing phenomenology, especially as a research method for historians of science.

Philosophy as a Rigorous Science
Synopsis of Husserl's desire for a scientific philosophy accessible through psychology; Intellectual environment giving rise to phenomenology.

What Is Human Science?
David San Filippo, M.A., LMHC
Essay on Human Science. "Human science is the study and interpretation of the experiences, activities, constructs, and artifacts associated with human beings."

Lectures on Heidegger's Being and Time
Robert Cavalier, Dept. of Philosophy, Carnegie Mellon University
Martin Heidegger's Master Work, Sein und Zeit, remains one of the most important and difficult works of 20th Century philosophy. These lectures, developed and delivered over several courses at different schools, represent an attempt to guide the reader through the work in a thoughtful and careful manner.

Society for Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy 
A professional organization devoted to supporting philosophy inspired by Continental European traditions. SPEP is also actively committed to philosophical pluralism.  It has become the second largest American philosophical society and accommodates such traditions as critical theory, existentialism, feminism, German Idealism, hermeneutics, post-structuralism and phenomenology.

Existential-Phenomenology and Dreams
Richard Wilkerson,
Part of the ED Dream Education Series

Qualitative Research

Qualitative Methods Workbook
C. George Boeree, Dept. of Psychology, Shippensburg University.
An "e-text" prepared for the Qualitative Research Methods psychology course at Shippensburg University. Includes chapters on: Phenomenological Description, Structural Analysis, Observation, Interviewing, and Other Techniques.

Research Methods Knowledge Base
William Trochim, Dept. of Policy Analysis & Management, Cornell University
Comprehensive web-based textbook that addresses all of the topics in a typical introductory undergraduate or graduate course in social research methods. Uses an informal, conversational style. Fully hyperlinked text.

Qualitative Research in Information Systems
Michael D. Myers. Dept. of Management Science & Information Systems,
University of Auckland, NZ.
Provides qualitative researchers - and those wanting to know how to do qualitative research - with useful information on the conduct, evaluation and publication of qualitative research. A host of resources; a page not to be passed over lightly.

Phenomenographagic Research 
An Annotated Bibliography
Christine Bruce Queenland University of Technology (Brisbane,Australia)
Alphabetical listing of phenographic research methods..

The Unofficial R.D. Laing Website
Philip Dore


Outline of the Existential Model: A Personal View
Prof. Ernesto Spinelli, Chair, Society for Existential Analysis
Brief outline of the existential and phenomenological approach(es) to psychotherapy and counselling. Presented by the Society for Existential Analysis, in London, UK.

Existential Psychotherapy
Outline, articles, bibliography, and book reviews focused on existential psychotherapy.Philosophical roots includes phenomenology.

International Network on Personal Meaning
The objectives of INPM are to enhance the well-being of individuals and communities and promote peace in the global village through research and applications of the principles of meaning and purpose. INPM is multidisciplinary and open to people from all walks of life.